Automation is good; it can save lives. The same can be said for Artificial Intelligence (A.I.). Programming determines how you use the technology today and affects how it develops in the future. The global society will be reshaped by A.I. applications for mental effort tasks and robotics, as well as innovations in machine learning. One day, automation may be capable of any physical task on this earth and beyond. However, this technology has its limits. Human relationships will be the deciding factor of long term automated decisions.
Human Learning vs. Machine
The need for learning and education is a strong drive in many humans. It is a trait that aids our adaptability. Machines do not need to adapt, they are programmed to. Machine learning is limited in this way. If you do not take precautions, A.I. can dull your brain. This is not something humans aspire to achieve. From early in development, automation projects should aim to enable you to achieve more, not less.
Automation for Quantifiable Tasks
There are a few basic reasons why automation will not permeate every aspect of society. Soft skills, human relationships, and the need to adapt are all aspects of modern civilization. Artificial intelligence will certainly aid survival on planet earth; however, it does not always represent the best course for civilization and the minds of human beings. Liberation from arduous tasks is not a perfect gift. It is an opportunity in an increasingly connected economy, automation will be pitted against human factors.
A Harvard Business Review experiment proved that A.I. can speed up tasks. A detailed business proposal was used as an example. However, these are quantifiable tasks that do not account for soft skills. Judgement calls, intuition, and human-centric decisions will still require human beings.
Where Automation Fails
Back in 1932, John Maynard Keynes predicted that the outpacing of job creation by technology would only be temporary. His paper, Economic Possibilities for our Grandchildren, published in Essays in Persuasion by Harcourt Brace (N.Y.) was prophetic. He did not know about A.I. but recognized the extended impacts of technology.
Human relationships compel many festal tasks to humans. A world-renowned chef will often be preferred to a meal prepared by an A.I. Consider the last time you ask a waiter for a suggestion. We like to try new things and human beings are our best resources to form opinions about things like taste and emotion.
The Impact of Robotic Automation
Robotics, and 3-D printing, bring automation closer to home. They perform tasks normally completed by human hands. However, in doing so, also jeopardize jobs. This topic has been discussed in science fiction for some time. It is now very real and society must give it serious attention. There are even Explainable AI that use predictive analytics to offer the world a solution closer to the true objectives of its users, and can whose decisions can be explained to a human.
Elon Musk believes Universal Basic Income is inevitable. His rational stems from the economic impact of robotic automation. This was not a fleeting comment; he made the remarks while attending the World Government Summit in Dubai.
Of course, the next automation will make survival easier, at least for some. In an interconnected world, automation develops alongside a macroscopic agenda. It is much harder for your brain to dull when you’re not self-concerned.